Narmada river – origin, tributaries, length

The Narmada River is one of the most important and sacred rivers in India. It holds immense cultural, historical, and religious significance. Let’s take an overview of the Narmada River:

  1. Geographical Location: The Narmada River is located in central India and flows primarily through the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat. It is the fifth-largest river in India and covers a distance of approximately 1,312 kilometers (815 miles) before emptying into the Arabian Sea.
  2. Origin: The Narmada River originates from the Maikal Mountains in Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh. The source is known as the Narmada Kund, and it is a popular pilgrimage site for Hindus.
  3. Religious Significance: The Narmada River is considered one of the seven sacred rivers in Hinduism. It is believed that taking a dip in the holy waters of the Narmada can cleanse a person of their sins and bring them closer to salvation. As a result, it attracts numerous pilgrims throughout the year.
  4. Dams and Reservoirs: The Narmada River is dammed at several points to harness its water for irrigation, hydropower generation, and drinking water supply. The most prominent dam on the river is the Sardar Sarovar Dam, located in Gujarat. The construction of large dams on the river has been a subject of controversy due to their environmental and social impacts.
  5. Narmada Bachao Andolan: The construction of dams on the Narmada River led to the displacement of thousands of people residing in the river valley. The Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA) is a social movement that emerged to protest against these large dam projects and advocate for the rights of the affected communities.
  6. Flora and Fauna: The Narmada River and its surrounding areas are known for their rich biodiversity. The river supports diverse aquatic life, and the surrounding forests are home to a variety of flora and fauna, including several endangered species.
  7. Economic Importance: The Narmada River plays a vital role in the agricultural economy of the regions it passes through. The water from the river is used for irrigation, which supports the cultivation of crops and sustains the livelihoods of millions of people.
  8. Cultural Impact: The Narmada River has inspired a rich cultural heritage in the regions it flows through. It has been celebrated in various art forms, including literature, music, dance, and paintings.

Overall, the Narmada River holds a unique place in India’s history, religion, and environment. It continues to be a symbol of reverence, cultural identity, and socio-economic importance for the people living in its basin.


Origin of Narmada river :

The Narmada River originates from the Maikal Mountains, which are part of the Amarkantak plateau in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. This source is known as the Narmada Kund or Narmada Udgam. It is located at an altitude of approximately 1,057 meters (3,468 feet) above sea level.

The Narmada Kund is considered the exact point where the river originates, and it is considered a sacred site in Hinduism. According to Hindu mythology, the Narmada River is believed to have emerged from the sweat of Lord Shiva’s forehead. Thus, the river is often referred to as the “revered daughter of Lord Shiva.”

From its source in the Amarkantak plateau, the Narmada River flows westward through the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat, before finally emptying into the Arabian Sea. Along its course, the river passes through deep gorges, scenic valleys, and picturesque landscapes, making it not only a spiritually significant river but also an ecologically diverse and important waterway for the region.

The Narmada River’s origin in the Amarkantak region attracts pilgrims and tourists who visit to witness the beauty of the river and offer prayers at this sacred source. The river’s journey from its origin to the sea has shaped the cultural, economic, and environmental aspects of the regions it traverses, making it a vital lifeline for millions of people in central India.

Length of Narmada River :

The length of the Narmada River is approximately 1,312 kilometers (815 miles). It is one of the longest rivers in India and flows through the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat before emptying into the Arabian Sea. The river’s course takes it through diverse landscapes, including hills, plateaus, and plains, and it plays a crucial role in the agriculture and economy of the regions it passes through.

Map of Narmada River :

Narmada River

Important tributaries of Narmada River :

The Narmada River, one of the major rivers in India, has several tributaries that contribute to its flow. Some of the important tributaries of the Narmada River are:

  1. Tawa River: The Tawa River joins the Narmada in the Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh.
  2. Kolar River: The Kolar River is another significant tributary that merges with the Narmada River in the Hoshangabad district.
  3. Sher River: The Sher River is a tributary of the Narmada, which meets the main river in the Barwani district of Madhya Pradesh.
  4. Shakkar River: The Shakkar River is a small tributary that joins the Narmada River in the Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh.
  5. Dudhi River: The Dudhi River is a tributary that flows through parts of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh before merging with the Narmada.
  6. Hiran River: The Hiran River is a tributary that originates in the Satpura Range and joins the Narmada River in the Betul district of Madhya Pradesh.
  7. Orsang River: The Orsang River is a major tributary of the Narmada, flowing through the states of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh before merging with the main river.

These are some of the notable tributaries that feed the Narmada River, contributing to its significance as a lifeline for the regions it flows through.

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